University Of Kashmir: 1st & 2nd Semester Pdf Notes Of Environmental Science Download Here

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University Of Kashmir: 1st & 2nd Semester Pdf Notes Of Environmental Science Download Here


University Of Kashmir: 1st & 2nd Semester Pdf Notes Of Environmental Science Download Here


University Of Kashmir: 1st & 2nd Semester Pdf Notes Of Environmental Science Download Here

Pdf notes are in Below post

SYLLABUS

Credit I: Understanding Environment 

1.1 Environment: Concept and importance. 

1.2 Components of Environment: Physical, Biological and Social. 

1.3 Ecosystem Definition, Structure and Function 

 1.3.1 Producers, consumers and decomposers 

 1.3.2 Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids 

 1.3.3 Energy flow in an ecosystem 

1.4 Ecosystem services: Ecological, economical, social, aesthetic and Informational value. 

Credit II: Natural Resources 

2.1 Land resources: Global land use patterns, concept of land degradation and Desertification. 

2.2 Forest resources: Use and consequences of over-exploitation. 

2.3 Water resources: Use and consequences of over-utilization, 

concept of water harvesting and watershed management, water conflicts. 

2.4 Energy resources: Renewable and non renewable resources, growing energy needs and alternate energy sources

Credit III: Biodiversity and its Conservation 

3.1. Biodiversity: definition, levels and values (commercial, ecological, social and aesthetic) 

3.2 Threats to the biodiversity: Habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife Conflicts. 

3.3 Concept of endemism and hot spots of biodiversity. 

3.4 Conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and Ex-situ concepts. 

Credit IV: Environmental Issues, policies and practices 

4.1 Causes, effects and control measures of: Air, water, Soil, Noise and solid waste pollution 

4.2 Concept of natural disasters and Global environmental issues: Increase in green house gases, 

Climate change, Acid rain and stratospheric ozone layer depletion. 

4.3 Salient features of: 

4.3.1 Water (Prevention and control of pollution) Act, 1974. 

4.3.2 Air (Prevention and control of pollution) Act, 1981. 

4.3.3 Environmental Protection Act, 1986. 

4.4 Environmental education, Environmental Movements (Chipko, Silent valley) and Environmental Ethics

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